Armenia is the first country to adopt Christianity as a state religion. As you can see from the map of Armenia, it was located between Black and Caspian seas, under Caucasus Mountains. Armenian history began more than 2000 years ago, and though centuries the capital of Armenia was Yerevan. The city is even older than Rome. Tourists who visit Armenia can admire its heritages. Monasteries, some of them are 1000 years old and they are important part of the country’s history. You cannot see architecture like this in other countries. The highlights of the Armenian culture are not only monasteries and churches, but also ancient rugs and carpets. We are proud of our wine industry (5500 years old leather shoe was found in Areni village, which is the wine industry centre of Armenia now). Music lovers can enjoy our national duduk, a musical instrument, the magnificent sound of which attracts and fascinates everyone. Cross-Stones are another part of our culture, in other words called khachqars, which have been created by Armenians since ancient times and which are inseparable attribute of our ancient history.
Geghard is an incredible ancient Armenian monastery in the Kotayk province. The main chapel was built in the 1215, though the monastery complex was built in the 4th century. Geghard monastery was one of the educational and spiritual centers of Medieval Armenia. There was a school, library, writing center, etc. The monastery was partially caved out of the adjacent mountain, surrounded by cliffs. In the main entrance one can see small caves, chapels, carvings and constructions on the hillside. Right before the entrance there are some shelves in the cliff where people throw pebbles to make their wish come true. Geghard monastery is listed as a UNESCO heritage Site.
BEAUTIFUL ARMENIAN CARPETS
The art of weaving Armenian rugs and carpets dates back to ancient times. The early rug fragments found in the territory of Armenia date to the 7th century BC. Rugs and carpets have always been an inseparable part in the life of Armenians. There were used not only as a decoration, on the walls, on the floor, but also with the help of rugs Armenians kept their homes warm. Armenian rugs and carpets attract the attention with bright colours, with interesting ethnic ornaments. Rugs and carpets brought a worldwide fame to the Armenian rug- making art and are still popular in world market.
Yerevan (original name Erebuni) is the capital city of Armenia. It’s situated along the Hrazdan River. The history of the city dates back to the 8th century BC., with the founding of the fortress Erebuni in 782 BC. Yerevan is considered to be the heart of the Ararat valley- the cradle of Armenian civilization. The city is famous for its buildings of the XX century that are made of colourful volcanic stones named tuff. The symbol of the city is, of courses, sacred Mount Ararat.
Sevanavank is located in the Gegharkunik province, on a peninsula at the northwestern shore of Lake Sevan. According to some sources the monastery was founded by Princess Mariam, in 874. The monastery was very strict, as it was intended for the monks who sinned. Nowadays, Sevanavank is one of the most visited tourism sights in Armenia.
Garni is the only remaining pagan temple in Armenia. It is built in classical Hellenistic style. The exact construction date of the temple is unknown. According to some sources it is dedicated to the sun Goddess Mythra. Before Christianity, Armenians shares Zoroastrian entities, and worshiped fire as a gift from Gods.
Haghpat is a Medieval Monastery complex in Armenia founded in the 10th century. Already in the 13th century Haghpat became one of the largest religious and educational centers in Armenia. Its library was famous throughout the country. The Monastery overlooks Debed river.
Tatev Monastery is a 9th century historical monument. The monastic complex is located on the edge of a deep gorge of Vorotan River. Tatev Monastery also hosted one of the most important Armenian medieval universities, the University of Tatev. The University took lessons of philosophy, science, art, mainly miniature painting. In 1995, Tatev Monastery, the whole area of Vorotan Velly was added to the list of World Heritage Site of UNESCO.
The Areni-1 shoe is a 5,500-year-old leather shoe that was found in 2008 in excellent condition in the Areni-1 cave complex located in the Vayots Dzor province of Armenia. It is a one-piece leather-hide shoe that has been dated as a few hundred years older than the one found on the Iceman, making it the oldest piece of leather footwear in the world known to contemporary researchers.